Protecting against Eczema Flare-ups in Children
Eczema is usually a tough problem to deal with. Normally, it doesn't have any cure. The one thing that you can do about it is to manage the problem and help manageits flare-ups. With children, this can be a toughercondition to manage because of the absence of medicines available especially to children below two years old. And unlike adults, children cannot be relied upon to help control scratching, that might exacerbate the problem even more. Infections on the skin can make the issue harder to treat. Also, it is often wrongly identified as harmless diaper rash and heat rash.
Eczema starts off as an itchy red rash. In time, it will become dry, scaly and will have lesions. The rashes are often found on the face, the arms and the legs, simply in the creases of the elbows, knees and ankles. Usually, eczema is caused by an allergen or an irritant, often a chemical that your baby has come into contact with in his surrounding. The culprit for most cases are laundry detergents, bath soaps and other chemicals that the sensitive skin of your infant cannot take. Most babies with eczema have parents who are extremely allergic too. It is also not uncommon for asthmatic children to have flare-ups of eczema.
Although medicines are now being given to children for the remedy for the problem, it is not always recommended. Usually, they are given topical steroids or immunomodulators. This is due to medicines can have side effects especially for infants and those below two years old. Prolonged use, even in older children, can cause the thinning of the skin and stretch marks to appear.
Prevention is still the easiest way to manage the problem. Flare-ups can be controlled if eczema is caused by a known allergen or irritant. Simply take out the allergen or irritant and the episode of itchiness will be gone. Among the common causes for eczema flare-ups besides soaps are dust mites, food allergies, as well as some types of fabrics. Besides identifying the original source of the rashes, parents can also help control the problem by keeping the skin of the baby well-moisturized. This assists prevent the dryness of the skin and eventually scaling and lesions. Be careful though when doing this because as stated before, some products that have chemical on them can actually cause the flare-ups. In order to be sure, check with your doctor and ask for advice on what products in the market that you can use for your child.
Usually, the greasy type of moisturizers work best with preventing flare-ups. An illustration of these ointments are Vasline and Aquaphor creams. Do not use lotion or oils as they may only worsen the itchiness.Flare-ups may also be harder to control when the air is very dry during summer and during cold weather. Winter season is especially “conducive” to eczema flare-ups. Be ready for this and make sure that the skin is well-moisturized. It will be good to keep a cream on you all the time so you can treat the eczema flare-up at its first sign.